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September 11, 2015

Sourcing Rule in Oracle Purchasing

Sourcing rule is used to automatically replenish materials in an organization or business.
Sourcing rules determine the movement of materials between organizations in a global enterprise; these organizations include the suppliers and the materials include those items made at the manufacturing organizations.

Profile Options


  • MRP:Default Sourcing Assignment Set (set the value of the assignment set where you have added your item
  • PO: Automatic Document Sourcing (Yes
  • PO: Allow Auto-generate Sourcing Rules (CREATE AND UPDATE
  • PO: Allow Autocreation of Oracle Sourcing Documents (Yes)
  • MSC: ATP Allocation Method (User-Defined Allocation Percentage)

Define an Item

Noted Attributes:
  • Select any Inventory Planning method
  • Select the item Make or Buy
  • Enter a List price
  • Enter a default Buyer (this will help to assign a buyer during planning and in the requisition) 


Define Supplier and Supplier Sites

You can define supplier and supplier sites as required
Purchasing --> Supply Base --> Suppliers

Defining Sourcing Rule


Purchasing -> Supply Base -> Sourcing Rule

Notes:
  • You can use this rule across all orgs by Selecting All Orgs
  • If you want to use in specific org, the select the Org

Shipping organization type is 3 types
  • Buy From: Buying from a supplier
  • Transfer From: If you want to transfer the item from another organization in your business
  • Make At: This is for making the item in the selected organization

Allocation percentage: This is to identify how much % of the amount will be sourced from which org. This is helpful when you want to maintain multiple sources and want to split the sourcing amount between different sources, so you can split that by allocation%.
Master Scheduling/MRP uses these allocation percentages when creating planned orders, which Purchasing imports as requisitions through Requisition Import. In a group of requisitions imported from Master Scheduling/MRP, those requisitions show the percentage allocation you define. In other words, at the end of a planning period, orders--as a group--to those suppliers approximately equal the percentage split you defined. However, when you create a requisition in Purchasing, Purchasing sources to the supplier with the highest allocated percentage. The Approved Supplier List (ASL) entry for that supplier is then referenced in order to pick up source document information (from a blanket purchase agreement or catalog quotation), if source documents exist
Allocation Rank: To select the sequence in which sources will be identified during planning

Sourcing Rule Assign set, add the item for the sourcing rule


Once sourcing rules are defined, now time to assign the rule to Item or organization as you need
Purchasing à Supply Base à Assign Sourcing Rules
Here you can assign the sourcing rules at 4 different levels

  • Item 
  • Item-Organization
  • Organization
  • Global

Add the supplier to Approved Supplied List



This is optional, if you have checked ASL in Item attribute

Purchasing à Supply Base à Approved Supplier List


Run Min Max planning for the item



Inventory à Planning à Min-Max Planning
Submit the request for the item and make sure restock parameter selected as Yes

Then run requisition Import

This will create the Purchase Requisition and in turn submit the Create Releases Program which will in turn create the Purchase Order




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Types Of Move Order


Move orders are created from different sources.
This can be identified from the Move Order header move order type field.

Different types of Move Orders are 

Move Order Requisitions: 

These are created from the move order form. Based on the setup at the organization and item level, move orders require approval before they can be allocated and transacted. These requisitions can be created to charge an account or move the material from one subinventory to another.

Replenishment Move Orders: 

These are auto-created with pre approved status. Depending on the planning type you can replenish the quantity in a subinventory for an item. Three types of replenishment plans (in relation to move orders) are available:
  • Min-max Replenishment Planning
  • Kanban Replenishment Planning
  • Replenishing Count planning

Based on these sources, when appropriate programs are run, move orders are automatically created.

Pick Wave Move Order Requisitions: 

These move orders are specifically for the sales order picking process. When Pick Releasing program is run move orders are created as preapproved and allocated(depending on the Pick Release setup). Pick Confirm process transacts these pick wave move orders.
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September 6, 2015

Internal Requisition to Internal Sales Order

Creation Of Item

Create an Item and assign that to both the source and destination organization
Attributes
  • Purchased
  • Purchasable
  • Internal Order Enabled
  • Shippable
  • OE transactable

Creation of Internal Requisition

Now go ahead and create and Internal Requisition
Go to Purchasing Responsibility
Requisitions -> Requisitions

Note: You should have been defined as an employee/ buyer to create a requisition

  1. Type should be Internal Requisition
  2. Enter the item in Lines Tab
  3. Enter Quantity
  4. Enter Need By Date
  5. Select the Destination Organization
  6. Destination Location
  7. Select Source Organization

Click on Save, It will generate the Requisition Number. Note down the requisition number
Now need to Approve the Requisition
If you want to approve this requisition, then you should have required approval authority.
Lets do the required setup
Go to Human Resources (if Installed) responsibility
People -> Enter and Maintain

else in purchasing
Go to Setup -> Personnel -> Employees
Find the employee (if not created already, select new and create one)





Select Assignment



Here assign a Job
Now lets go and check whether this Job has Requisition Approval authority or not
For this, navigate to Purchasing responsibility
Setup -> Approvals ->Approval Assignments


In this form, select the Job which you have assigned to the employee


Now you can see which all document types are authorized to approve


Make sure Approve Internal Requisitions is entered here
If you can’t see this, then add the value
Make sure the Approval Group which you are assigning here that has the approval limit authorization with in which your IR amount comes
As in this case

Here the limit is max $50,000 and our IR amount is only $100
Now Go back to the requisition and approve the same
Query the requisition and click on the approve button

Make sure Submit for Approval selected (it should be by default) then click on OK
Wait for few min as the background process will check and clear the Approval workflow
And re-query the IR again
If Workflow Background Process not scheduled, you can go ahead and manually submit

Now again requery the IR from requisition summary form


You will see the IR is approved

Creation of Internal Order

Next step is to Run the Create Internal Order concurrent program which will interface the data to Order management for creating internal order
Go to View -> Requests -> Submit a new request -> Single Request
Select Create Internal Orders and submit


Once the program is completed, check the log file,



It means the data transferred to Order Entry
Now lets go to Order Management and import the data to create the Internal Order
Navigate to Order Management responsibility
Go to Orders, Returns -> Import Orders -> Order Import Requests


Now enter the below parameters
  1. Source as Internal
  2. Select your IR number in Order Reference field


Then Click Ok and Submit.
This will spawn another child order import program


Now go ahead and query your Internal order which is just created by importing the data in order organizer form
Orders, Returns -> Order Organizer
Give today’s date to refine
Select the source as Internal and give the IR number in the Order Source Reference



Now Click on Open.
Your internal order is ready



Tables Involved in this process flow


Differences between Internal Sales Orders and Inter-Organization transfer:

  • IR-ISO has approval process whereas there is no approval process for Inter-Org transfer
  • The IR cycle useful for more tracking, control (IR, SO), approvals and generating pick slips whereas Inter-Org transfer is a one step transaction, simple flow, more user friendly and no interfaces involved.
  • RMA is possible in Internal Sales Order whereas in Inter-Org transfer there is no functionality to Cancel, delete or Return or not receive an In-transit Shipment.

When Internal Sales Order and Internal Requisition will be picked up by Inter-Company invoicing process?

Internal sales order and Internal requisitions will be picked by Inter-company invoice process on the following conditions:
  • In shipping method, transfer type should be Intransit
  • Profile Option INV:Intercompany Invoice for Internal Orders value is Yes on site level. This will be used for creating Account Payable in the Intercompany Invoice process.
Note: Intercompany AP will be created irrespective of the IR received or not as per the standard functionality, INCIAP does not check for the same, it considers only INCIAR created or not.
Below query can be used to find out the eligible records

SELECT RCTL.*
FROM ra_customer_trx_lines_all RCTL, mtl_intercompany_parameters MIP
WHERE RCTL.interface_line_context = 'INTERCOMPANY'
AND RCTL.interface_line_attribute15 = 'Y'
AND RCTL.interface_line_attribute4 = nvl(93,
RCTL.interface_line_attribute4)
AND MIP.sell_organization_id = to_number(RCTL.interface_line_attribute4)
AND MIP.ship_organization_id = to_number(RCTL.interface_line_attribute5)
AND MIP.flow_type = 1
AND MIP.vendor_id is not null
AND MIP.vendor_site_id is not null
AND (line_type != 'TAX' AND extended_amount != 0)
AND NOT (line_type = 'TAX' AND link_to_cust_trx_line_id is not null);
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